Castles of the Reno

Medelana Village (Marzabotto)

Medelana Village (Marzabotto)

It is placed in a dominating position and its dimensions are quite big. As a consequence, it has a great impact on the surrounding environment. Renovation works should be done in order to make it reach, after years of abandonment, its ancient splendour. This great compound is made of buildings belonging to different ages. The Seventeenth century main palace, which was modified afterwards, is particularly interesting.

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Basabue di Tolè (Vergato)

Basabue di Tolè (Vergato)

This important compound is made of two buildings belonging to different ages. The oldest one now is used as a farm warehouse and has a typical kind of masonry, ancient doors and sandstone windows. On the other side of the street there is the main house with a very nice entrance door. It replaced the previously existing building.

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House Landi di Casigno (Castel d’Aiano)

House Landi di Casigno (Castel d’Aiano)

This elegant compound is placed in a dominating position in the Vergatello Valley. It has a wonderful Sixteenth century dovecote tower. There are two entrance doors belonging to different ages in whose lintels are two sculpted noble coats of arms.

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House Mingoia di Labante (Castel d’Aiano)

House Mingoia di Labante (Castel d’Aiano)

It is placed in a position that dominates the Aneva Valley. This important Seventeenth century construction has an elegant dovecote tower. The tower has a valuable sandstone cornice. The open gallery has a wonderful round-arch made of sandstone blocks with decorated jambs. It is in quite good condition and is sometimes used as a residence.

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Rocchetta Mattei di Riola (Grizzana Morandi)

Rocchetta Mattei di Riola (Grizzana Morandi)

It was built in a position dominating the Limentra stream confluence in the river Reno. Starting from 1850, it was designed and built by the extravagant non-traditional doctor Count Cesare Mattei. It was built on the remains of an ancient castle and shows different styles. For this reason it has a really impressive oriental appearance. It is in bad condition, and renovation works should be done.

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Village Le Murazze of Casaglia di Caprara (Marzabotto)

Village Le Murazze of Casaglia di Caprara (Marzabotto)

This village has been built on a rocky hill on the left side of the Setta stream. It was part of a fortification whose history is unknown. It has been built in an unknown period and nowadays is made of an agglomeration of stone houses that are defended by a nice short tower. It is in very good condition thanks to recent renovation works.

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House Fountain of Sperticano (Marzabotto)

House Fountain of Sperticano (Marzabotto)

The little village of Casa Fontana is made of a Sixteenth century dovecote tower and two buildings belonging to a later period. The west side has recently been expanded and disputable renovation works have modified its face. Not far from the river Reno’s bed, this compound is used as a hotel and so it can be visited.

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Village Frascarolo di Luminasio (Marzabotto)

Village Frascarolo di Luminasio (Marzabotto)

This village has been built in a dominating position, on a plateau not very far from the village of  Cà Zanetti. It is a typical example of an Apennine residence. It’s buildings (mostly stone) belong to different ages. Now it is used as a residential area. There are some valuable constructions and decorations made by “mastri comacini” during the Sixteenth century. In particular, a Sixteenth century sandstone little window, in whose upper lintel there are three decorations representing a hand, an half-moon and a star.

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Village Rio di Luminasio (Marzabotto)

Village Rio di Luminasio (Marzabotto)

This village is particularly interesting from an historical and architectural point of view. Now it is used as a residence and is in the centre of a commercial farm. It is a very big building with valuable entrance doors and windows, and a strong dovecote tower with valuable brick and sandstone decorations.

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Tower of Susano (Vergato)

Tower of Susano (Vergato)

This big compound was built around the Fourteenth century defensive tower, in an isolated position dominating the valley. Probably it was shortened and used as a dovecote tower afterwards. Then it was incorporated in a modern residential building and, as a consequence, has ruined the ancient medieval structure

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Montasico Castle (Marzabotto)

Montasico Castle (Marzabotto)

This castle was part of the Conti da Panico family’s powerful defensive system. It was built in an unknown period and documented for the first time in 1116. It was reconstructed during the Fifteenth century and is characterized by a strong stone building with, above the nice entrance door, a valuable bartizan. It is defended by a nice tower that has been shortened during the years.

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Village Monzone of Montecavalloro di Riola (Vergato)

Village Monzone of Montecavalloro di Riola (Vergato)

Its date of construction is unknown. It is surely the most important tower house in the Bolognese Apennines. It began being built during the Thirteenth century and has been enlarged many times. It is made of an enormous tower, with a rectangular shape, sandstone little windows, and a slightly shorter building that belongs to a different period. It is in quite good condition and is worth visiting because of its impressiveness and its valuable architectural elements

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Village Costonzo of Montecavalloro di Riola (Vergato)

Village Costonzo of Montecavalloro di Riola (Vergato)

This village is one of the most important in the Bolognese mountain area. It is located in a dominating position, not far from Casa Monzone. Starting from the Fourteenth century, it was an important medical centre in the Reno Valley. This great compound is made of some fortificated stone buildings, among which a big tower stands out.

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Monzone House of Rocca di Roffeno (Castel D'Aiano)

Monzone House of Rocca di Roffeno (Castel D'Aiano)

This important building was part of the powerful Roffeni family defensive system. This compound, which was once surrounded by walls, is made of a Thirteenth century tower and a more modern construction. There is a really valuable Fifteenth century residential building: it has wonderful doors and ashlar windows. Nowadays it is used as a hotel and can be visited

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House Lavacchio of Rocca di Roffeno (Castel d’Aiano)

House Lavacchio of Rocca di Roffeno (Castel d’Aiano)

It was built during the Sixteenth century in a strategic position: at the feet of Roffeno fortress and above Roffeni family’s fortifications. Together with these other buildings, it represented a real defensive line in the Vergatello valley. This compound is made of a big tower and a little building with a nice sandstone entrance door

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House Poggiolo of Rocca di Roffeno (Castel d’Aiano)

House Poggiolo of Rocca di Roffeno (Castel d’Aiano)

It was built in a dominating position, not far from the oldest fortifications of Monzone and Civetta. It was probably part of Vergatello valley’s defensive system. This strong structure is made of a tower and a nice residential palace with valuable entrance doors. After having been abandoned for decades, renovation works have recently been done.

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House Civetta of Rocca di Roffeno (Castel d’Aiano)

House Civetta of Rocca di Roffeno (Castel d’Aiano)

This nice structure was built on a sandstone hill in a dominating position. It was probably part of Roffeni family’s defensive system. On the sandstone entrance door the date 1325 is written, which shows how ancient this building is. Not very far from Casa Civetta there is a modern building that has ruined the atmosphere of this place. It is in very good condition and is used as a hotel. As a consequence, it can be visited.

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Tower of Prunarolo (Vergato)

Tower of Prunarolo (Vergato)

This compound is made of two tower buildings. The oldest one is a Fourteenth century defensive tower that has been incorporated, during the Seventeenth century, in a valuable residential palace. The second one, whose origins date from the Sixteenth century, is the classic dovecote tower that is typical of Bolognese mountain area.

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Tolè Tower (Vergato)

Tolè Tower (Vergato)

The place name shows the origin of this compound, which has been built and enlarged many times around a big defensive tower, whose perimetral walls have been kept. Its dimensions are quite large and so it’s almost impossible not to notice it. It was abandoned some decades ago and so is now in bad condition. Reconstruction works should be done in order to give it its ancient splendour again. There are some quite valuable windows and doors. It is really worth visiting the secular chestnut at the feet of the palace and then tasting the famous water of these places.

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Village Ca’ Zanetti di Luminasio (Marzabotto)

Village Ca’ Zanetti di Luminasio (Marzabotto)

This peculiar village is placed in a dominating position, on the river Reno’s lateral valley. It is one of the most elegant villages in the Bolognese mountain area. Its construction started during the Fifteenth century and since then it’s been enlarged. It’s buildings have towers and its sandstone doors and windows have been decorated by “mastri comacini”. It’s recently been renovated and now is in good condition. It’s certainly worth a visit.

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